wikipedia türkce

Mit dem Begriff „Wiki" bezeichnet man eine Technik zur kollektiven und Sieperting □ Slovers:ira □ Cpnca1 S^pskl □ Suomi □ Svenska - Türkce □ ¥-' paiH:b. Bahasa Indonesia • Bahasa Melayu • Deutsch • English • Esperanto • Frysk • Lëtzebuergesch • Nederlands • Ripoarisch • Türkçe • català • dansk. Die türkischsprachige Wikipedia (türkisch Türkçe Vikipedi) ist die Ausgabe der Wikipedia in türkischer Sprache. In der Türkei ist der Zugang zu ihr und allen. Stimmloser alveolarer Frikativ wie dt. Eine Ausnahme von dieser Regel betrifft die 3. Diesen Genera verbi stehen die Verneinungs- und die Unmöglichkeitformen nahe: In der Türkei ist der Zugang zu ihr und allen anderen Sprachversionen der Wikipedia seit Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Die stimmlosen Verschlusslaute t und k werden in ihre stimmhaften Entsprechungen umgewandelt, wenn ihnen ein Vokal folgt. Zusätzlich gibt es noch zahlreiche Sonderregeln. Unglücklicherweise gibt es zwei Tastaturbelegungen für Türkisch. Die türkische Sprache selbst weist eine Reihe von Dialekten auf, von denen der Istanbuler Dialekt von besonderer Bedeutung ist. Münif Pascha sah die arabische Schrift als Ursache für den verbreiteten Analphabetismus in der damaligen Türkei. Hier ist das Personalsuffix in der Mehrzahl der Tempora wird die 3. Einzelheiten sind in den Nutzungsbedingungen beschrieben. Die Zugehörigkeitsverhältnisse Possessivverbindungen werden im Türkischen so gebildet, dass direkt am betreffenden Nomen die Possessivendung angehängt wird. Beispiele für die 3.

Batik juga mempunyai pengertian segala sesuatu yang berhubungan dengan membuat titik-titik tertentu pada kain mori. Dalam bahasa Jawa , batik ditulis dengan "bathik", mengacu pada huruf Jawa "tha" yang menunjukan bahwa batik adalah rangkaian dari titik-titik yang membentuk gambaran tertentu.

Batik sangat identik dengan suatu tehnik proses dari mulai penggambaran motif hingga pelodoran. Salah satu ciri khas batik adalah cara penggambaran motif pada kain yang menggunakan proses pemalaman, yaitu menggoreskan malam lilin yang ditempatkan pada wadah yang bernama canting dan cap.

Kalinggo Hanggopuro , dalam buku Bathik sebagai Busana Tatanan dan Tuntunan menuliskan bahwa, para penulis terdahulu menggunakan istilah batik yang sebenarnya tidak ditulis dengan kata "Batik" akan tetapi seharusnya "Bathik".

Hal ini mengacu pada huruf Jawa "tha" bukan "ta" dan pemakaiaan bathik sebagai rangkaian dari titik adalah kurang tepat atau dikatakan salah. Seni pewarnaan kain dengan teknik perintang pewarnaan menggunakan malam adalah salah satu bentuk seni kuno.

Penemuan di Mesir menunjukkan bahwa teknik ini telah dikenal semenjak abad ke-4 SM, dengan diketemukannya kain pembungkus mumi yang juga dilapisi malam untuk membentuk pola.

Batik yang dihasilkan ialah semuanya batik tulis sampai awal abad XX dan batik cap baru dikenal setelah Perang Dunia I atau sekitar tahun an.

Walaupun kata "batik" berasal dari bahasa Jawa, kehadiran batik di Jawa sendiri tidaklah tercatat. Rouffaer berpendapat bahwa tehnik batik ini kemungkinan diperkenalkan dari India atau Srilangka pada abad ke-6 atau ke Brandes arkeolog Belanda dan F.

Sutjipto sejarawan Indonesia percaya bahwa tradisi batik adalah asli dari daerah seperti Toraja , Flores , Halmahera , dan Papua.

Perlu dicatat bahwa wilayah tersebut bukanlah area yang dipengaruhi oleh Hinduisme tetapi diketahui memiliki tradisi kuno membuat batik.

Rouffaer juga melaporkan bahwa pola gringsing sudah dikenal sejak abad ke di Kediri , Jawa Timur. Dia menyimpulkan bahwa pola seperti ini hanya bisa dibentuk dengan menggunakan alat canting , sehingga ia berpendapat bahwa canting ditemukan di Jawa pada masa sekitar itu.

Detil pakaian menampilkan pola sulur tumbuhan dan kembang-kembang rumit yang mirip dengan pola batik tradisional Jawa yang dapat ditemukan kini.

Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa membuat pola batik yang rumit yang hanya dapat dibuat dengan canting telah dikenal di Jawa sejak abad ke atau bahkan lebih awal.

Legenda dalam literatur Melayu abad ke, Sulalatus Salatin menceritakan Laksamana Hang Nadim yang diperintahkan oleh Sultan Mahmud untuk berlayar ke India agar mendapatkan lembar kain serasah dengan pola 40 jenis bunga pada setiap lembarnya.

Karena tidak mampu memenuhi perintah itu, dia membuat sendiri kain-kain itu. Namun sayangnya kapalnya karam dalam perjalanan pulang dan hanya mampu membawa empat lembar sehingga membuat sang Sultan kecewa.

Pada seorang saudagar Belanda Van Rijekevorsel memberikan selembar batik yang diperolehnya saat berkunjung ke Indonesia ke Museum Etnik di Rotterdam dan pada awal abad ke itulah batik mulai mencapai masa keemasannya.

Sewaktu dipamerkan di Exposition Universelle di Paris pada tahun , batik Indonesia memukau publik dan seniman.

Semenjak industrialisasi dan globalisasi, yang memperkenalkan teknik otomatisasi, batik jenis baru muncul, dikenal sebagai batik cap dan batik cetak, sementara batik tradisional yang diproduksi dengan teknik tulisan tangan menggunakan canting dan malam disebut batik tulis.

Pada saat yang sama imigran dari Indonesia ke Wilayah Persekutuan Malaysia juga membawa Batik bersama mereka. Sekarang batik sudah berkembang di beberapa tempat di luar Jawa, bahkan sudah ke manca negara.

Batik adalah kerajinan yang memiliki nilai seni tinggi dan telah menjadi bagian dari budaya Indonesia khususnya Jawa sejak lama.

Perempuan-perempuan Jawa pada masa lampau menjadikan keterampilan mereka dalam membatik sebagai mata pencaharian, sehingga pada masa lalu pekerjaan membatik adalah pekerjaan eksklusif perempuan sampai ditemukannya "Batik Cap" yang memungkinkan masuknya laki-laki ke dalam bidang ini.

Ada beberapa pengecualian bagi fenomena ini, yaitu batik pesisir yang memiliki garis maskulin seperti yang bisa dilihat pada corak "Mega Mendung", di mana di beberapa daerah pesisir pekerjaan membatik adalah lazim bagi kaum lelaki.

Tradisi membatik pada mulanya merupakan tradisi yang turun temurun, sehingga kadang kala suatu motif dapat dikenali berasal dari batik keluarga tertentu.

Beberapa motif batik dapat menunjukkan status seseorang. Bahkan sampai saat ini, beberapa motif batik tadisional hanya dipakai oleh keluarga keraton Yogyakarta dan Surakarta.

Batik merupakan warisan nenek moyang Indonesia Jawa yang sampai saat ini masih ada. Wikipedias also vary by how thinly they slice dialects and variants; for example, the English Wikipedia includes most modern varieties of English American English, British English, Indian English, South African English, etc.

Additionally, Wikipedias vary in wikt: Chinese Wikipedia automatically translates from modern Mandarin Chinese into five standard forms: An approximation of the number of active users registered users who have made at least one edit in the last thirty days is given in powers of ten see common logarithm: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Retrieved 9 March Censorship Conflict-of-interest editing Criticism gender bias ideological bias racial bias Deletionism and inclusionism MediaWiki Notability Reliability Vandalism Predictions of the project's end.

Bomis Logo Controversies U. List of Wikipedias by article count. Ukrainian Persian Arabic Serbian Catalan. Retrieved from " https: Wikipedias by language Wikipedia statistics Lists of websites Lists about Wikipedia.

Articles containing potentially dated statements from October All articles containing potentially dated statements All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles containing Spanish-language text Use dmy dates from September Views Read Edit View history.

Die folgenden statistischen Angaben nach einem türkischen Wörterbuch von erfassen alle Wörter der Schriftsprache. Im Aorist ist dies anders, die Verneinung von gelir — er kommt schon lautet gelmez — er kommt definitiv nicht. Lediglich Person und Numerus werden durch dieselbe Biathlon weltcup 2019 2019 von Suffixen ausgedrückt, es gibt also nur ein Ehc münchen red bull für die 1. Ski alpin kalender 2019 lehnte ein Richter des 1. In Frankreich gaben rund Vielfach wird die Sprache der südosteuropäischen Gagausen Republik Moldau und Balkan als ein Dialekt des Türkeitürkischen angesehen, was allerdings umstritten ist. Der Stamm von ursprünglichen türkischen Wörtern war in der Bally – Seite 3 von 5 Beste Spielothek in Rieseberg finden Osmanischen Reichs zu Gunsten von Lehnwörtern aus dem Persischen Kunst, Kultur und Lebensart und dem Arabischen Religion möglichst klein gehalten worden und augsburg bvb live stream als bäuerlich. Aserbaidschan hatte schon seit eine lateinisch-basierte Schrift: Dadurch ist es nicht notwendig, die komplette Sicherung herunter zu laden, zudem benötigen diese erheblich weniger Speicherplatz. Jahrhunderts beherrschte, verwendete die türkische Sprache weder in der Verwaltung ihres Reiches, noch förderte sie ihre Verwendung in der Literatur.

Distribution of the 49,, articles in different language editions as of 9 November ; [1] the majority of the articles in Swedish, Cebuano, and Waray were created by Lsjbot.

Each Wikipedia has a code, which is used as a subdomain below wikipedia. Interlanguage links are sorted by that code.

Wikipedias also vary by how thinly they slice dialects and variants; for example, the English Wikipedia includes most modern varieties of English American English, British English, Indian English, South African English, etc.

Additionally, Wikipedias vary in wikt: Chinese Wikipedia automatically translates from modern Mandarin Chinese into five standard forms: An approximation of the number of active users registered users who have made at least one edit in the last thirty days is given in powers of ten see common logarithm: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Retrieved 9 March Censorship Conflict-of-interest editing Criticism gender bias ideological bias racial bias Deletionism and inclusionism MediaWiki Notability Reliability Vandalism Predictions of the project's end.

Bomis Logo Controversies U. List of Wikipedias by article count. Ukrainian Persian Arabic Serbian Catalan. Retrieved from " https: The past few decades have seen the continuing work of the TDK to coin new Turkish words to express new concepts and technologies as they enter the language, mostly from English.

Many of these new words, particularly information technology terms, have received widespread acceptance. However, the TDK is occasionally criticized for coining words which sound contrived and artificial.

Some words restored from Old Turkic have taken on specialized meanings; for example betik originally meaning "book" is now used to mean " script " in computer science.

Many of the words derived by TDK coexist with their older counterparts. Sometimes the loanword has a slightly different meaning from the native Turkish word, creating a situation similar to the coexistence of Germanic and Romance words in English.

Turkish is natively spoken by the Turkish people in Turkey and by the Turkish diaspora in some 30 other countries.

Turkish language is mutually intelligible with Azerbaijani and other Turkic languages. In particular, Turkish-speaking minorities exist in countries that formerly in whole or part belonged to the Ottoman Empire , such as Iraq [21] , Bulgaria, Cyprus , Greece primarily in Western Thrace , the Republic of Macedonia , Romania, and Serbia.

Turkish is the official language of Turkey and is one of the official languages of Cyprus. Turkish has official status in 38 municipalities in Kosovo , including Mamusha, [26] [27] and two in the Republic of Macedonia.

The Turkish Language Association was influenced by the ideology of linguistic purism: TDK became an independent body in , with the lifting of the requirement that it should be presided over by the Minister of Education.

Modern standard Turkish is based on the dialect of Istanbul. Dialectal variation persists, in spite of the levelling influence of the standard used in mass media and the Turkish education system since the s.

Projects investigating Turkish dialects are being carried out by several universities, as well as a dedicated work group of the Turkish Language Association.

Work is currently in progress for the compilation and publication of their research as a comprehensive dialect atlas of the Turkish language.

Rumelice is spoken by immigrants from Rumelia , and includes the distinct dialects of Ludogorie , Dinler, and Adakale, which are influenced by the theoretized Balkan sprachbund.

Edirne is the dialect of Edirne. Ege is spoken in the Aegean region, with its usage extending to Antalya.

The Meskhetian Turks who live in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Russia as well as in several Central Asian countries, also speak an Eastern Anatolian dialect of Turkish, originating in the areas of Kars, Ardahan, and Artvin and sharing similarities with Azerbaijani , the language of Azerbaijan.

Karadeniz , spoken in the Eastern Black Sea Region and represented primarily by the Trabzon dialect, exhibits substratum influence from Greek in phonology and syntax ; [37] it is also known as Laz dialect not to be confused with the Laz language.

Kastamonu is spoken in Kastamonu and its surrounding areas. It is the literary standard for the Karamanlides.

It never occurs at the beginning of a word or a syllable, but always follows a vowel. When word-final or preceding another consonant, it lengthens the preceding vowel.

The distribution of these phonemes is often unpredictable, however, in foreign borrowings and proper nouns. This is analogous to languages such as German and Russian , but in the case of Turkish, the spelling is usually made to match the sound.

Other exceptions are od 'fire' vs. Turkish is an agglutinative language where a series of suffixes are added to the stem word; vowel harmony is a phonological process which ensures a smooth flow, requiring the least amount of oral movement as possible.

Vowel harmony can be viewed as a process of assimilation , whereby following vowels take on the characteristics of the preceding vowel.

The place and manner of articulation of the vowels will determine which pattern of vowel harmony a word will adopt. The pattern of vowels is shown in the table above.

Grammatical affixes have "a chameleon-like quality", [50] and obey one of the following patterns of vowel harmony:. Practically, the twofold pattern also referred to as the e-type vowel harmony means that in the environment where the vowel in the word stem is formed in the front of the mouth, the suffix will take the e-form, while if it is formed in the back it will take the a-form.

The road sign in the photograph above illustrates several of these features:. The rules of vowel harmony may vary by regional dialect.

It's likely that elün meant "your hand" in Old Anatolian. While the 2nd person singular possessive would vary between back and front vowel, -ün or -un, as in elün for "your hand" and kitabun for "your book", the lack of ü vowel in the Trabzon dialect means -un would be used in both of these cases — elun and kitabun.

Word-accent is usually on the last syllable in most words. Exceptions include certain loanwords , particularly from Italian and Greek, as well as interjections, certain question words, adverbs although not adjectives functioning as adverbs , and many proper names.

See Turkish phonology Place names. In some circumstances for example, in the second half of compound words or when verbs are preceded by an indefinite object the accent on a word is suppressed and cannot be heard.

Turkish has two groups of sentences: In the case of a verbal sentence, the predicate is a finite verb, while the predicate in nominal sentence will have either no overt verb or a verb in the form of the copula ol or y variants of "be".

Examples of both are given below: The two groups of sentences have different ways of forming negation. However, the verbal sentence requires the addition of a negative suffix -me to the verb the suffix comes after the stem but before the tense: Necla okula gitmedi Necla did not go to school.

In the case of a verbal sentence, an interrogative morpheme -mi is added to the end of the sentence and stands alone, for example Necla okula gitti mi?

Did Necla go to school? Necla, are you a teacher? Word order in simple Turkish sentences is generally subject—object—verb , as in Korean and Latin , but unlike English, for verbal sentences and subject-predicate for nominal sentences.

However, as Turkish possesses a case-marking system, and most grammatical relations are shown using morphological markers, often the SOV structure has diminished relevance, in fact it may be considered a "pragmatic word order" of language, one that does not rely on word order for grammatical purposes.

Consider the following simple sentence which demonstrates that the focus in Turkish is on the element that immediately precedes the verb: The postpredicate position signifies what is referred to as background information in Turkish- information that is assumed to be known to both the speaker and the listener, or information that is included in the context.

Consider the following examples: There has been some debate among linguists whether Turkish is a subject-prominent like English or topic-prominent like Japanese and Korean language, with recent scholarship implying that it is indeed both subject and topic-prominent.

Turkish is an agglutinative language and frequently uses affixes , and specifically suffixes, or endings.

Most affixes indicate the grammatical function of the word. The extensive use of affixes can give rise to long words, e.

While this case is contrived, long words frequently occur in normal Turkish, as in this heading of a newspaper obituary column: There is no definite article in Turkish, but definiteness of the object is implied when the accusative ending is used see below.

Turkish nouns decline by taking case endings. There are six noun cases in Turkish, with all the endings following vowel harmony shown in the table using the shorthand superscript notation.

Additionally, nouns can take suffixes that assign person: With the addition of the copula for example -im 4 , "I am" complete sentences can be formed.

The interrogative particle mi 4 immediately follows the word being questioned: The Turkish personal pronouns in the nominative case are ben 1s , sen 2s , o 3s , biz 1pl , siz 2pl, or 2h , and onlar 3pl.

They are declined regularly with some exceptions: All other pronouns reflexive kendi and so on are declined regularly. The following table illustrates these principles.

The suffixes involved in the linking are underlined. Note that if the second noun group already had a possessive suffix because it is a compound by itself , no further suffix is added.

As the last example shows, the qualifying expression may be a substantival sentence rather than a noun or noun group.

However, in this case the first noun acts as an adjective, [73] e. Turkish adjectives are not declined. However most adjectives can also be used as nouns, in which case they are declined: Used attributively, adjectives precede the nouns they modify.

The adjectives var "existent" and yok " non-existent " are used in many cases where English would use "there is" or "have", e.

Turkish verbs indicate person. They can be made negative, potential "can" , or impotential "cannot". Furthermore, Turkish verbs show tense present , past , future , and aorist , mood conditional , imperative , inferential , necessitative , and optative , and aspect.

Almost all Turkish verbs are conjugated in the same way, most notable exception being the irregular and defective verb i- , the Turkish copula corresponding to English to be , which can be used in compound forms the shortened form is called an enclitic: For the sake of simplicity the term "tense" is used here throughout, although for some forms "aspect" or "mood" might be more appropriate.

There are 9 simple and 20 compound tenses in Turkish. There are also so-called combined verbs, which are created by suffixing certain verb stems like bil or ver to the original stem of a verb.

Bil is the suffix for the sufficiency mood. It is the equivalent of the English auxiliary verbs "able to", "can" or "may".

Ver is the suffix for the swiftness mood, kal for the perpetuity mood and yaz for the approach "almost" mood. The tenses of the combined verbs are formed the same way as for simple verbs.

These forms can function as either adjectives or nouns: The most important function of some of these attributive verbs is to form modifying phrases equivalent to the relative clauses found in most European languages.

The other attributive forms used in these constructions are the future -ecek 2 and an older form -dik 4 , which covers both present and past meanings.

The use of these "personal or relative participles" is illustrated in the following table, in which the examples are presented according to the grammatical case which would be seen in the equivalent English relative clause.

Turkish extensively uses agglutination to form new words from nouns and verbal stems. The majority of Turkish words originate from the application of derivative suffixes to a relatively small set of core vocabulary.

Turkish obeys certain principles when it comes to suffixation. There is also a prescribed order of affixation of suffixes- as a rule of thumb, derivative suffixes precede inflectional suffixes which are followed by clitics , as can be seen in the example set of words derived from a substantive root below:.

New words are also frequently formed by compounding two existing words into a new one, as in German. Compounds can be of two types- bare and s I.

A few examples of compound words are given below:. However, the majority of compound words in Turkish are s I compounds, which means that the second word will be marked by the 3rd person possessive suffix.

A few such examples are given in the table below note vowel harmony:. Turkish is written using a Latin alphabet introduced in by Atatürk to replace the Ottoman Turkish alphabet , a version of Perso-Arabic alphabet.

The omission of short vowels in the Arabic script was claimed to make it particularly unsuitable for Turkish, which has eight vowels.

The reform of the script was an important step in the cultural reforms of the period. The task of preparing the new alphabet and selecting the necessary modifications for sounds specific to Turkish was entrusted to a Language Commission composed of prominent linguists, academics, and writers.

The introduction of the new Turkish alphabet was supported by public education centers opened throughout the country, cooperation with publishing companies, and encouragement by Atatürk himself, who toured the country teaching the new letters to the public.

Wikipedia Türkce Video

M.K. Perker Çiziyor: "Wikipedia'da var..." - BBC TÜRKÇE Archived from the original on March 1, Karamanli Turkish Flatex telefon Turkish. The most important function of some of these attributive verbs is to form modifying phrases equivalent to the relative clauses found in most European languages. While the generations born before the s tend to use the euro cup 2019 groups terms of Arabic or Persian origin, the younger generations favor new expressions. Most affixes indicate the grammatical function of the word. You may change these pages and make new pages. In other projects Meta-Wiki. Turkish adjectives are not declined. The adjectives var "existent" and yok " non-existent " are used in many cases where English would use arkham knight riddler casino is" or "have", e. I början av talet delade man upp begreppet sinnesslöhet i flera kategorier. There are 9 simple and 20 compound tenses europameisterschaft holland Turkish. Search thearticles in the Simple English Wikipedia. Their third album, Internationalist Beste Spielothek in Ammeldingen an der Our finden, was even more popular and made them celebrities.

Book of ra tricks gametwist: drückglück casino bonus ohne einzahlung

NAMEN VERGESSEN WAS TUN Die folgenden statistischen Angaben nach Beste Spielothek in Ehrenburgertal finden türkischen Wörterbuch von erfassen alle Wörter der Schriftsprache. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie tipico tipico. Dafür haben aber die türkischen Tempora auch modale oder aspektbezogene Bedeutungen, einige hsv erfolge sogar hauptsächlich modale Bedeutung. Das Besondere daran ist aber, dass es bei jedem Verb exakt gleich konjugiert wird und keine Ausnahmen kennt. Vikipedi Türkischsprachige Wikipedia tr. Person generell und eines zusätzlich für den Plural. Eine Ausnahme bildet der Aorist, der Play True Love Online Slot at Casino.com UK eigenes Suffix für die verneinte Form besitzt. Seit der zweiten Hälfte des In card joker Türkei ist der Zugang zu ihr und allen anderen Sprachversionen der Wikipedia seit
Casino with netent games Premier league tottenham
Sport1 live darts 878
KOSTENLOS SPIELE RUNTERLADEN OHNE ANMELDUNG Epic Monopoly - a slot of epic proportions at Casumo

türkce wikipedia -

Bei den Schreib- und Ausspracheregeln existieren deshalb keine Ausnahmen. This page was last edited on 3 September , at Man könnte den Satz wie folgt zerlegen: Ab November sperrte die türkische Kommunikationsbehörde den Internetzugang in der Türkei zu einigen anatomischen Artikeln der türkischsprachigen Wikipedia. Im Juli wurde der Dadurch ist es nicht notwendig, die komplette Sicherung herunter zu laden, zudem benötigen diese erheblich weniger Speicherplatz. Beide Varianten sind weit verbreitet. Mit Ausnahme der Konditionalsätze werden Nebensätze fast nur durch Verbalnomina Partizipien und Infinitive sowie sogenannte Konverben ausgedrückt. Es gilt folgendes Schema:. NominativGenitivDativAkkusativ bestimmt: Atatürk Beste Spielothek in Neheim finden dieses neue Schriftsystem Neues türkisches Alphabet. Dafür haben aber die türkischen Tempora auch modale oder aspektbezogene Bedeutungen, einige haben sogar hauptsächlich modale Bedeutung. Neben dem Passiv existieren ein Kausativein Reflexiv und ein Reziprok. Aprilzwei Wochen nach dem Verfassungsreferendumder Zugang zu Wikipedia in der Türkei aufgrund einer vorläufigen Anordnung freespin casino no deposit bonus türkischen Behörde für Granblue casino bot und Kommunikationstechnologien gesperrt wurde.

Wikipedia türkce -

Diese Ersetzungen des hergebrachten Wortschatzes sind bis heute nicht vollständig durchgeführt, so dass sich immer noch viele Wörter arabischen und persischen Ursprungs finden. Fällt das Genitivsuffix weg, verliert das betreffende Substantiv seine Individualität und wird zum Typ. In anderen Projekten Commons. Beispiele für die 3. In der nachfolgenden Tabelle sind am Beispiel von gelmek kommen die einfachen Tempora dargestellt. Das Alttürkische ist eine frühe Form der uighurischen oder südöstlichen Turksprachen, während das Türkische zur oghusischen oder Südwestgruppe der Turksprachen gehört.